In general, the goals of physical therapy are to decrease pain, increase function and provide education.
Passive Physical Therapy
Acutely, the physical therapist may focus on decreasing pain with passive physical therapy (modalities). These therapies are considered passive because they are done to the patient. Examples of modalities include:
Active Physical Therapy - Back Pain Exercises
In addition to passive therapies, active physical therapy (exercise) is also necessary to rehabilitate. Generally, a patient's back exercise program should encompass a combination of the following:
Stretching for back pain exercises
Almost every individual who has suffered from low back pain should stretch their hamstring muscles once or twice daily. Simple hamstring stretching does not take much time, although it can be difficult to remember, especially if there is little or no pain. Therefore, hamstring stretching exercises are best done at the same time every day so it becomes part of a person's daily routine. There are many more stretches that can be done to alleviate lower back pain
For more information on physical therapies see below exercises, physiotherapists, and also view Patient Resources page.